A resource full of information about Tanzania and Safaris in Tanzania and climbing Kilimanjaro.

The official languages of Tanzania are English and Swahili. 

The currency used throughout the country is the Tanzanian shilling. Mastercard and Visa are widely accepted and there are many ATMs dispensing local currency throughout the country.

A visa is required when travelling to Tanzania from the United States and Canada. Currently, this can be obtained at arrival airports and border crossings and is valid for 90 days. A valid passport is mandatory. Your passport must be valid for at least 6 months beyond the date you expect to leave Tanzania.

The best time to travel to Tanzania is from June to October when the country is at its driest.   


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A female lion

"Come and explore the nature with Thamani African Safaris ."



With an immense range of wildlife, beautiful beaches and much more there is something the whole family will love in Tanzania! Beaches, game reserves, and world class national parks and accommodation all await. 

When choosing the most suitable time for climbing Mount Kilimanjaro, you should consider several factors: the temperature, the views, the density of traffic on the trek, difficulty level and safety. However, the overarching factor that impacts all others is weather.. Mount Kilimanjaro lies in an equatorial climatic zone; instead of four seasons (winter, spring, summer, autumn), the mountain experiences wet and dry seasons only. Wet seasons are in April-May and November. Similar to other tropical countries, predicting exactly when the rain starts and stops is nearly impossible. All other months are the “dry season”, when most of the days are sunny, but still it does not mean a 100% guarantee of clear skies.

After flight arrangements and planning a safari, you probably cannot wait to start your adventure in Tanzania! However, there are a few less pleasant details you must consider before your travels begin, including vaccinations for tropical diseases.

Check your medical history to see if you have already received some of the recommended or required vaccines. It is advised that you see a doctor or travel clinic that has a special focus on tropical diseases and ask them if there are any additional suggestions based on your age, health, or medical history.

It can take a bit of time to get all the recommended vaccinations; it is advisable to begin as soon as you confirm your travel dates.

Required Vaccinations for Tanzania and Zanzibar

Yellow Fever

Despite the long list of recommended vaccines, Tanzania has only one compulsory vaccination: Yellow Fever.

Tanzania has no recorded case of Yellow Fever and efforts to ensure this superb record mean that all visitors from countries that have a risk of Yellow Fever must present vaccination certificates upon entry.

However, travelers from non-risk countries have reported that they have been asked at random to present proof at international airports or border crossings, also. To prevent any delays it is recommended to receive the vaccination and be prepared to show evidence with a vaccination card or certificate.

The vaccination should be acquired a minimum of 10 days before travel.

A certificate of vaccination for Yellow Fever will be necessary for arrival from Kenya or other neighboring East African Countries, and if you have traveled recently in any other areas at risk of Yellow Fever, including South America and parts of Asia.


The risk of contracting Malaria in Tanzania is decreasing every year, however, travelers often visit some of the areas where it remains a risk. This fever is passed from an infected human to another through a carrier: the female mosquito. Hence, it is important to avoid mosquitoes and protect oneself by using repellants (DETA 20-30%) and sleeping under a mosquito net.

While there is no vaccine against Malaria, there are special medicines to prevent Malaria: Malarone, Doxycycline, Lariam (Mefloquine) and more. Please consult with your doctor before beginning any of these.

If you have any of the following symptoms while in Tanzania or upon your return to your home country, attend a health clinic or see your doctor as soon as possible: fever, chills, vomiting, or diarrhea.

Safari Packing Checklist

When packing for a safari, the most important thing is moderation. While there is no need to go minimalist, you also don’t want to carry an abundance of unnecessary luggage across Africa with you. Remember, travelers on safari will move with their luggage in the safari vehicle throughout the tour. For the days spent in the same hotel or lodge, of course, you will leave your bags back in your room. Hence, if you bring too much luggage it could be an inconvenience or even a hindrance to wildlife viewing.

We have created a packing list, based on years of leading excellent safaris, to help you pack just the right items (but not too much!) for your incredible African safari in Tanzania:

The Ultimate Safari Packing List

Remember that you will spend a great deal of time in the safari car, viewing wildlife. However, you may participate in walking safaris or cultural tours throughout your safari, so you should have practical, comfortable, and sturdy walking shoes. Please leave high heels, fashion sneakers, and platforms for other occasions.

Weather in Tanzania can vary depending on the altitude and time of day. It is wise to bring layers for added warmth, especially in the early mornings and late nights.

Safari Packing List:

  • 1 -2 long-sleeved shirts;
  • warm sweater or light jacket (the temperature in the Ngorongoro falls to 0 degrees Celcius in the evening and in the morning);
  • Regular, light shirts or T-shirts (preferably 1 pc for every day of safari);
  • 1-2 pairs of light cotton trousers;
  • Shorts or a loose skirt, for the ladies;
  • swimsuit / trunks (most lodges offer a swimming pool);
  • A hat, for the sun (visor or other cap is also acceptable).

You may note that many travelers on safari wear khaki or neutral colors, and avoid bright whites or fluorescent colors. There are several reasons for this: firstly, you will blend in with nature better by wearing neutral tones, whether you are walking or seated in the car; secondly, some areas of Tanzania are very dusty and khaki-colored items are less likely to show discoloration from the dust of the safari than white garments.

What medications should you take on safari?

Keep in mind, every Thamani  safari vehicle is stocked with a basic first-aid kit. If you have prescription medications or special needs, please come prepared with your necessary medications.

  • antimalarial drugs (such as Malarone, Lariam);
  • tablets from motion sickness, if you are susceptible;
  • antihistamines for allergies (Claritin, Loratadine, Azelastine), which can be difficult to purchase in Tanzania;
  • Inhaler for asthma remedy, as the dust may aggravate asthmatic symptoms;
  • Any prescription medications you may require.

It is also recommended to bring insect repellents. These pesky insects are only active in the early morning and evening, likely when you are already back at your accommodations for the evening. Alternatively, wearing a long-sleeved shirt can help deter mosquitoes, as well.

Do not forget the sunscreen! The equatorial sun is strong in Tanzania, and you are likely to be at a higher elevation throughout your Tanzanian safari, especially when in Ngorongoro or the highlands. Choose a product with SPF 40 protection or higher to protect your skin.

Other important tips

Most of Thamani’s partner hotels and lodges provide full room and board for our guests, meaning 3-full meals are provided each day. However, the excitement and fresh air of a safari are known for building up quite an appetite!

Just in case, you may consider packing:

  • biscuits, chips, cookies, or other packaged snacks;
  • fruit (pre-washed or dried varieties;
  • chocolate bars;
  • Various mixtures of nuts.

Some fruits (such as bananas), or nuts (like cashews or peanuts) may easily be purchased locally as you drive through local Tanzanian villages.

Necessary Items

Even if the weather forecast guarantees the lack of sun, don’t hurry up to lay out protective glasses. They will help protect your eyes from wind, dust and small insects while you pop out of the window or through the open roof of the running speed car in search of objects for observation. Put in your backpack:

First of all, you may leave your binoculars at home – every Altezza car provides a pair of binoculars for our guest’s convenience. We also have charging stations in each of our vehicles so your devices will never lose power during a safari.

Here are the items we recommend you bring:

  • Sunglasses;
  • Bandana or handkerchief in case of dust;
  • Adapter for electric plugs (Tanzania uses three-pronged plugs, similar to England);
  • Photocopies of your passport and other necessary travel documents;
  • Camera and all photo equipment;
  • Hand sanitizer or disinfectant;
  • Personal hygiene items (including sunscreen and insect repellant);
  • Notebook and pen.

If you have any questions about what to pack, contact us! We are happy to assist.